夏季汽车养护攻略

星期一, 04/29/2013 - 18:01 -- han

我们常说,夏天的天空就像婴儿的脸,这会是艳阳高照,立马大雨瓢泼,水漫金山。这时往往是汽车故障的高发期,有些小毛病不可避免,严重的导致汽车发动机进水或者行驶中莫名其妙的自燃。可以说经历的一边是雨水的考验,一边是火焰的考验,因此,及时的对爱车进行养护就非常必要了。

1、防止爆胎

夏季气温高,当轮胎内温度升高,胎内气压增大容易爆胎。当胎温超过120度时,轮胎就有爆胎的危险。胎温升高,轮胎变形频率加快,使橡胶容易老化,发生爆胎。因此夏季汽车运行时,应经常检查轮胎的温度和气压,保持规定的气压标准。在酷热的中午行车应适当降低行驶速度,每行车40—50公里应停车在阴凉地稍做休息,待轮胎温度降低后再继续行车。

2、雨刮检查更换要及时

雨刷上的橡皮叶会随年月老化,影响擦抹效果,必须加强雨刮的检查养护。当雨刮在几次刮刷完之后在任何区域都出现了较宽的水带,或者在部分区域出现了薄薄的水层,或者雨刮出现抖动而产生竖条纹。就说明雨刮片已经不能很好地贴合前风挡,其支架已经变形。已经影响了我们的主视野,这些情况下急需更换雨刮片,不能耽搁。

专家建议雨刮片最好半年至一年就要更换一次,即使是北方少雨天气,由于雨刮片本身的橡胶质地还是避免不了外界恶劣环境使其老化。

3、油箱盖一定要拧紧

在高温下,油及水的蒸发自然会增加。油箱盖要盖严,油管要防止渗油;经常检查水箱的水位,曲轴箱的机油油面、高度、制动总泵内的制动液液面高度及蓄电池内电解液密度和液面高度等。当工作油液不足时,要及时按规定补充。

4、刹车片检查维护要到位

刹车片更换的最佳时机,盘式制动器的刹车片厚度可以采用踩制动板的方法来检查,而鼓式制动器制动蹄上的刹车片厚度的检查则要将制动蹄从制动器中拉出。但是,无论是盘式制动器上的刹车片还是鼓式制动器上的刹车片,制造商都规定其厚度不得小于1.2mm,因为,通过所有的实际测量表明:1.2mm之前或之后,刹车片磨损和剥落更快。

因此车主应该在此时或之前检查并更换制动器上的刹车片,一般车辆,在正常行驶的情况下,前制动器的刹车片寿命为3—5万公里,后制动器刹车片的使用寿命为12—15万公里。

炎热不是夏季的专利,伴随着炎热,雨季也给保养爱车提出了难题。大雨过后,我们的爱车遭受了雨水的冲刷,如果不及时进行必要的检查和保养,很容易使爱车发生故障。总之,夏季养车的两大要点就是:防晒防水。

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